Did you know that it was at the Siege of Malaga on the 18th August in 1487 that the first form of ambulance was used.
Queen Isabella of Castile arranged for large wagons, with beds, to carry wounded soldiers to hospital tents that were situated away from the battle line.
Have you got your teeth in? Yes - well have a go at saying this.
Here's some help if you are struggling
Now you've mastered it I expect you will want to know how did such a strange name come into being? Well....
"The story goes back to the opening of the rail station at Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll in August 1848, as the temporary terminus of the new railway from Holyhead. Passengers alighted here for the ferry across the Menai, then continued their train journeys from Bangor station (on the mainland). The village prospered from its status as a rail terminus and from construction works nearby on the Britannia Bridge. Once the bridge had opened, in May 1850, there was no longer any need for long-distance trains to stop at Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll, which became a railway backwater overnight.
A local committee was convened to think of ways to encourage passengers to alight in the village, and came up with the idea of extending the village’s five-syllable name to create the world’s longest place name. The railway company went along with the ploy, and displayed the new name on the station."
The 17th August 1473 is the date of birth of Richard of Shrewsbury, the second son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.
Richard of Shrewsbury is, of course, was one of the Princes in the Tower.
What we know of Richard can be viewed through the titles that were bestowed upon him and the dates and events that made up his life. His birth, as his name suggests, was at Shrewsbury, his marriage, at just four years old was to Anne Mowbray. We do not even know what he looked like but this doe's not stop writers, artists and film/television producers portraying him as an innocent, as angelic, a pure almost saintly child. Shakespeare has John Dighton calling Richard and his brother Edward ‘gentle babes.'
They are emotive words that were intended to describe Richard's character - a foil to Shakespeare's protagonist, his uncle Richard of Gloucester in his play Richard III. Shakespeare's portrayal of the young prince would be used again and again over the years by artists, the most famous by Paul Delaroche and John Everett Millais, even the horror movie genre gets in on the act - John Herbert-Bond's young prince to Basil Rathbones Duke of Gloucester.
Despite the fact that there is no evidence either way as to what happened to the princes, the tale of Richard's disappearance is the one event that defines this little boys life.
Today in 1513 at Guinegate in France occurred The Battle of the Spurs. Not a battle as such, its name refers to the speed with which the French cavalry retreated from a pursuing English army under Henry VIII.
J. Scott in 'The Royal Portrait: Image and Impact' writes:
"This horizontal format painting commemorates Henry VIII's early military triumph in France. On 16 August 1513 the French troops of Louis XII were defeated outside the town of Therouanne by a combined army of English and imperial troops. The Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I fought for, as opposed to alongside, the English King. The speed with which the French cavalry retreated gave the event its name: The Battle of the Spurs. In this depiction Henry VIII is depicted on horseback at the centre of the melee. The French Chevalier Bayard kneels before him in surrender."
This painting may have been intended to be set into the walls of Whitehall Palace.
On this day in 1103, the birth in Winchester, of Henry I's only legitimate son and heir William Adelin.
According to Henry of Huntingdon, Adelin was "a prince so pampered that he seems destined to be food for the fire." Little did he know that eighteen years later he would be food for the fishes. Huntingdon would later write "instead of ascending a lofty throne he found his grave at the bottom of the sea."
William was set to succeed his father, but on the night of 25th November 1120, William was on board the infamous White Ship - he perished when the ship sank in the English Channel.
Following this tragedy, Henry made his daughter Matilda his heir when she married Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou. In support of Matilda, Henry made the leading barons of the realm, including his nephew Stephen of Blois, swear an oath to accept Matilda as his rightful heir, these oaths were taken in 1127, 1128 and 1131.
On this day in 1534 Mary of Guise married Louis II Duke of Orleans.
The marriage was a short one, it lasted just under three years, however they did have two children the youngest, born after his father's death, survived only four months.
Mary and Louis's marriage was a love match, Mary would keep her last letter from Louis for the rest of her life.
Carlisle Castle is over 900 years old, built in the time of William Rufus, it can be found not too far from Hadrian's Wall.
In the 1470's Richard, Duke of Gloucester was Lord Warden of the West Marshes, he was responsible for maintaining England's boarder with Scotland and it was Carlisle Castle that Richard would use as his base.
The Duke of Gloucester had many supporters in this part of England, and as we know many wore a boar badge of loyalty,
There are a number of emblem carvings inside the castle walls that are linked to the House of York, one being a boar, these carvings are said to have been made by prisoners held at the castle.
Following the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, King Stephen was captured and imprisoned and Matilda made her play for the crown, but her advantage lasted only a few months, she marched on London under the title of Lady of the English and the city was ready with their support. However, she refused the people’s request to have their taxes halved and on arrival in London she found the gates shut, the civil war reignited on 24 June 1141.
After Matilda's withdrawal, London was taken over by the forces of another Matilda, Stephen's queen who stood firm with her husband. Coming back onside was the Kings brother, Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester who had previously supported Empress Matilda's cause, after the events in London however Henry had switched sides making his way to the city of Winchester.
Westgate and Kingsgate two surviving gateways of medieval Winchester
Angered at Henry's abandonment of her cause Matilda's forces made their way towards Hampshire, arriving at Winchester's city walls on the 31st July 1141 taking everyone by surprise.
Henry soon took to his horse and fled the city, his army too, causing much destruction as they left.
Henry of Blois defense of Winchester against Matilda is seen as one of the turning point of the civil war.
This week has been spent sniffing around the village of Barkby in Leicestershire in search of my Smith ancestors, I should say ancestor because I have been unable to find anyone who is connected with my 6th great grandmother Susanna Smith.
Susanna does not seem, at present, to be a member of any of the Smith families living in the village - not that there were many - in fact in the years from 1588 until 1771 they numbered less than fifteen. Five of those can be found in the late 16th to early 17th centuries listed under the spelling of Smyth, the rest are listed under the modern spelling and lived in Barkby between 1710 and 1771. Of the later Smiths there are just two families - one headed by John Smith whose wife was Elizabeth Plant and a John Smith whose wife was Mary and as just mentioned Susanna cannot be linked to either of them.
So who was Susanna? Why was she alone in the village and why was she there? I think that the answer to these questions lie in domestic service.
Barkby is a village whose landscape is dominated and surrounded by large fields and woodland, it is cut in half by a large estate that has at its centre a Georgian house. It is in this house that I believe Susanna may have been employed in the years before her marriage.
A 17th/18th century servant girl was usually young and unmarried and would work in this environment until she married and started a family of her own. Girls born and bred in the country could be found working in the homes of the aristocracy and in the houses of local gentry, like the Pochins who owned Barkby Hall.
I haven't proved that Susanna was employed here and when researching your family history you must never jump to conclusions, however Susanna is typical of the female 18th century domestic servant - young and unmarried. Maybe the next clue to Susanna's ancestry is that she was not a hired stranger, but was distantly related to someone who already worked at the house or new of a position there.
On the 25th July 1137 Eleanor of Aquitaine married the son of Louis VI of France, and on Christmas Day 1137 she was queen of France.
An intelligent and feisty woman, Eleanor is said to have arrived at the cathedral town of Vezelay dressed like an Amazon galloping through the crowds on a white horse, urging men to join the crusades. She also had every intention to go herself, accompanied by three hundred of her ladies dressed in armor and carrying lances.
Louis found Eleanor overpowering and demanding, he was exceptionally devout and preferred a evening of prayer in his chapel rather than a night in his wifes bed, on many levels Eleanor was too much like hard work. However, he suffered her for fifteen years until their marriage was annulled under the guise of consanguinity on the 21st March 1152.
Despite being adverse to Eleanor's charms, he managed to father two daughters, however the birth of their second child was a blow for Louis personally and for his dynasty. What Louis needed was a heir and that meant a son, not a daughter.
Louis VII would marry twice after the end of his marriage to Eleanor fathering three more daughters and a son.
Eleanor's vast estates, from River Loire to the Pyrenees came under her control and within three months she would marry Henry, son of Matilda of England and Geoffrey of Anjou and she would later become queen of England.
- The Ancestors
- Bustaine of Braunton: Introduction
- Hunt of Barnstaple Introduction >
- Meavy Introduction >
- Mitchell of Crantock: An Introduction >
- Mohun of Dunster: Introduction >
Thomas Vaughan: An Introduction
- Smith of Barkby Introduction >
- Taylor of Yorkshire
- Toon of Leicestershire: Introduction >
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