These battles were part of the Hundred Years War.
In the province of Aquitaine in France on this day in 1356, the forces of Edward, the Black Prince defeated the French army under the command of John II at the Battle of Poitiers, illustrated here in miniature by Jean Froissart.
The battle was an English victory which was followed by two more English successes, that of Crecy and Agincourt.
These battles were part of the Hundred Years War.
Today in 1500 the death of John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Chancellor of England and Cardinal.
Morton passed through the Wars of the Roses unscathed whereas those of whom he was of service and were of a higher rank perished, those such as Margaret of Anjou, Richard Neville, Edward IV and Richard III.
Morton encouraged Buckingham in his rebellion against the Richard, and it is he who is considered to be the source of much of what was written about the king - the murder of his brother George, Duke of Clarence and the murder of the Princes in the Tower are but two. Thomas More's 'History of Richard III' was based on Morton's account of the time.
However, Morton was a survivor who knew how to take care of himself, he died an old man at Knole House in Kent, a property that had been granted to the See of Canterbury on the death of Thomas Bourchier in 1486, his political machinations continuing under the new Tudor king.
He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.
On the 7th September in 1533 Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk married his fourth wife, Katherine Willoughby.
Katherine was said to have been witty and somewhat fiery and certainly an interesting character. As a wife, she followed behind three other women in Brandon's life, Margaret Neville and Margaret's niece Anne Browne who was my ancestor who he had married in secret in 1508 and who he previously abandoned to marry the aforementioned Margaret Neville, a wealthy widow. That marriage was declared null and void, on the grounds of Brandon’s pre-contract with Anne.
The third and more well known is, of course, is Henry VIII's sister Mary.
On this day in 1651 King Charles II famously hid in an oak tree on the estate of Boscobel in Shropshire.
The following is the king’s account, dictated some thirty years later to Samuel Pepys.
"he told me that it would be very dangerous either to stay in the house or go into the wood (there being a great wood hard by Boscobel) and he knew but one way how to pass all the next day and that was to get up into a great oak in a pretty plain place where we could see round about us for they would certainly search all the wood for people that had made their escape. We got up into a great oak that had been lopped some 3 or 4 years before and so was grown out very bushy and thick not to be seen through. And there we sat all the day."
On this day in 1658 the death of Oliver Cromwell.
Cromwell continues to be one of England's most controversial and fascinating figures whose notoriety revolves around his views on monarchy and his attempts to turn the country into a republic.
I used to straddle the line when it comes to liking/disliking Oliver Cromwell (I was felt much the same about Simon de Montfort) Montfort over the years he has gone up in my estimation as has Oliver Cromwell. Therefore I ask this question -
Should we look at Cromwell as good or bad or should we at least consider him a victim of propaganda?
My great grandmother was born in the East End of London in 1883 only a few miles from Whitechapel, the place where in 1888 a number of horrendous crimes against women took place.
We think that the slaughter of those innocent women occurred centuries ago, especially when you look at the newspapers of the time, but it wasn't really when you look at it from the viewpoint of family. My great grandmother's birth took place 135 years ago, yet, if my mother tells me the stories of her grandmother's childhood in London, it seems like only yesterday.
So my great grandmother was five on this day in 1888, when the body of Mary Ann Nichols, the first victim of Jack the Ripper, was found in Whitechapel in London, it's quite a frightening thought!
Following Mary Ann's murder, at least five other women were found killed in the same way. Despite a number of theories as to who committed these most terrible crimes against women, no one was caught.
It was on this day in 1685, that trials began in Winchester that have come to be known as the Bloody Assizes.
On trial were over one thousand men - rebels who took part in the Monmouth Rebellion. Nearly all would die the horrible death by hanging, disemboweling and quartering, others were transported to the West Indies.
The judges were Sir Henry Pollexfen, Sir Creswell Levinz, Sir Francis Wythens, Sir Robert Wright and Sir William Montague and at their head, Lord Chief Justice George Jeffreys.
Judge Jeffreys was a hard, bitter and vengeful man, who Gilbert Burnet in his History of My Own Time writes of Jeffrey.
"His behaviour was beyond anything that was ever heard of in a civilized nation. He was perpetually either drunk or in a rage, liker a fury that the zeal of a judge. He required the prisoners to plead guilty. And in that case he gave them some hope of favour, if they gave him no trouble; otherwise he told them, he would execute the letter of the law upon them in its utmost severity."
Whether you were old and female made no difference as Lady Alice Lisle would find out to her cost.
The last years of Richard II's reign were dominated by a number of political crises, notably the Lords Appellant, however, a smaller but more far-reaching issue was the fall out of the squabble between Henry of Bolingbroke and Thomas Mowbray. The two men sought to resolve their differences in the form of a duel, but before it began Richard stepped in and banished Bolingbroke and exiled Mowbray. It was during Bolingbroke's banishment that his father, John of Gaunt died, and Richard proceeded to deprive Henry of the right to inherit his father's land, much angered, Henry returned to England and landed at Ravenspur in the summer of 1399.
It was on this day in 1399 that Richard was arrested at Flint Castle as you can see illustrated in Jean Froissart Chronicle a contemporary account of events during the Hundred Years War - interestingly Froissart was in attendance at Richard's baptism in Bordeaux thirty-two years earlier.
On this day in 1486 the death of William Patten, or as history knows him William of Wainfleet.
William was the eldest son of Richard Patten and Margery a wealthy Lincolnshire family from Wainfleet, he would be chancellor under Henry VI and bishop of Winchester during the entire period of the Wars of the Roses. His younger John also entered the church, working under the title of Dean of Chichester.
Wainfleet made his will on the 26th April in 1486 and was buried in the chantry chapel in Winchester Cathedral, a tomb he had had constructed.
Mary of York, the second daughter Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville was born on this day in 1467.
There is not much known of Mary's short life she was, however, a proposed bride for one of the son's of Christian I of Denmark and Dorothea of Brandenburg, but before the marriage could take place Mary died in the May of 1482, predeceasing her father by one month short of a year.
What a happy bunch they were!
History is so interesting isn't it? Do you love the story of King Alfred's unsuccessful afternoon in the kitchen or King Cnut unsuccessful attempt not to get his feet wet? Maybe you're interested in when the Normans landing on our shores or the stories of an era closer to our time?