The 15th June 1567, the small army of Mary, Queen of Scots and her husband James Bothwell, squared up to twenty six Scottish men under a banner that depicted her husband Lord Darnley dead under a tree holding their infant son James VI with a motto that read "Judge and Revenge my cause, O Lord."
Known as the Battle of Carberry Hill, it was little more than an altercation. It had ended by late afternoon with Mary's forces deserting her cause. That evening Mary was imprisoned in a castle on and island of Loch Leven.
Family History Travels
The next chapter in the story of my Devon ancestors is coming along nicely, and deals with the family during the reign of King John. It is interesting that I have reached this point now, as it is this year that marks the 800th anniversary of the first issue of the Charter of the Forest that dealt with some of the abuses of the Forest Law.
Here is an extract from my work so far
Documents from William Meavy's time are littered with court cases regarding the ownership of land, land that men like William considered theirs by right, such as the 1202 grant of land of Walter Meavy by Robert de Nonant to the Priory of Plympton. However, this was not the only problem landowners were facing. Affecting land up and down the country was the new Forest Laws that had been implemented by King John, which directly affected Walter’s grandson William. The Norman system - the aim to repopulate and cultivate the moors and heaths of Devon, that saw farming families like the Meavy’s granted extra land, was undermined by John’s new law. It prohibited the right of landowners to enclose land and pasture their stock, it reduced families access to food and fuel and restricted the growth of the manor, putting a stranglehold on the opportunity to climb the feudal ladder.
This continued to cause problem for landowners well into the reign of Henry III, however by 1242 landowner were granted permission (on a payment of 5000 marks paid into the royal treasury) to continue with deforestation.
The 1217 the Charter of the Forest worked along side Magna Carta, the document that King John was forced to put his seal to this day two years earlier.
While I continue my research here is my Meavy ancestors story so far:
12th June 1567: The death of Richard Rich, a man willing to sacrifice his morals for wealth and status.
Rich, who along with Thomas Wriothesley (whose fall he had a hand in) personally tortured Anne Askew and who needed little encouragement in the burning of heretics in his own county of Essex, was Lord Chancellor of England.
In 1536 Richard Rich was described as as
"a man of low birth and small reputation, a subverter of the good laws of the realm, a maintainer
and inventor of heretics, and one who imposed taxes for his own advantage."
He is also famous for the part he played in the fall of Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell and John Fisher, but weren't they all playing a dangerous game too?
Yes, Richard Rich is on my list of detestable people, and yes he manipulated those around him and then stepped over their dead bodies to advance his career, but in the world of the Tudor's I wonder, what would you do?
The series The Tudors that first hit our screens in 2007 started with a huge great inaccuracy, it was that Henry VIII had an uncle.
Of course he didn't. His father, Henry VII was an only child and the three brothers of his mother Elizabeth of York, one was already deceased and the other two, the famous Princes in the Tower whose story has been told numerous times.
But at least one incident in the first episode was correct and this was incident concerning the Field of the Cloth of Gold and Henry's beard.
The French king, Francis I, expressed a wish for the event, the Field of the Cloth of Gold to take place on a particualr day in 1519, but this was not Henry's wish. To prove he had every intention of attending, Henry wrote to Francis saying that he would not shave until the event took place. In a letter drafted in the August of that year Cardinal Wolsey wrote:
"As a proof of the King's desire, he had resolved to wear his beard till the said meeting."
Another tale along the same lines refers to the French king, who had his head shaved after he received a head injury. It seems that Henry was so envious of the respect shown by the French courtiers who kept their hair short while the king recovered, that he ordered his court to follow suit.
On this day in 1832 an Act to amend the Representation of the People in England and Wales, also known as Great Reform Act, received Royal Assent. Of the passing of the bill English politician Thomas Creevey said:
"Thank God! I was in at the death of this Conservative plot, and the triumph of the Bill! This is the third great event of my life at which I have been present, and in each of which I have been to a certain extent mixed up - the battle of Waterloo, the battle of Queen Caroline, and the battle of Earl Grey and the English nation for the Reform Bill."
On this day in 1520 the meeting known as the Field of the Cloth of Gold began at what is now Balinghem, in the Nord Pas de Calais region of France.
The 'Field of Cloth of Gold' was so called because of the great quantities of the expensive fabric woven with silk and gold thread. It was an attempt to strengthen the bond between England and France. Each king tried to outshine the other, with dazzling tents and clothes, grand feasts, music, jousting, and games.
22nd June 1557
In the town of Lewes were ten faithful servants of God put in one fire, the twenty-second day of June, whose names follow: Richard Woodman, George Stevens, W. Mainard, Alexander Hosman, his servant; Thomasin à Wood; Mainard's maid; Margery Moris; James Moris, her son; Dennis Burgis, Ashdon's wife, Grove's wife.
Of the which number Richard Woodman was the first; concerning whose apprehension, first by his enemies, and of his deliverance out of Bishop Bonner's hands; then of his second taking again by the procurement of his father, brother, kinsfolks, and friends; also of his sundry examinations and courageous answers before the bishops; and lastly of his condemnation, and of his letters sent to his faithful friends, here followeth to be declared by his own words and relation reported. Which Richard Woodman, by his occupation, was an iron-maker, dwelling in the parish of Warbleton, in the county of Sussex, and diocese of Chichester, of the age of thirty years and somewhat more.
Foxes Book of Martyrs
My ancestor played his part in the capture of Richard Woodman you can read about it here
Tomb of the Black Prince at Canterbury Cathedral. Edward's early death on the 8th June 1376 was, I feel, the very beginning of the Wars of the Roses.
What were the Wars of the Roses?
At eleven o'clock on the 22nd June 1536, Princess Mary wrote to her father from Hunston House in Herefordshire, where Mary would live until her accession to the throne.
In this letter Mary acknowledges the annulment of her parents’ marriage, her own illegitimacy, and her father’s position as head of a new English church. It was a letter that she had refused to write. Henry VIII considered her behavior was influenced by her mother. Henry had mother and daughter separated and both were banishing both from court.
" Most humbly prostrate before the feet of your most excellent majesty, your most humble, faithful, and obedient subject, which hath so extremely offended your most gracious highness that mine heavy and fearful heart dares not presume to call you father, nor your majesty hath any cause by my deserts, saving the benignity of your most blessed nature doth surmount all evils, offences, and trespasses, and is ever merciful and ready to accept the penitent, calling for grace in any convenient time
Having received, this Thursday at night, certain letters from Mr. Secretary, as well advising me to make mine humble submission immediately to yourself (which because I durst not, without your gracious license, presume to do before), I lately sent unto him, as signifying that your most merciful heart and fatherly pity had granted me your blessing, with condition that I should persevere in that I had commenced and begun, and that I should not eftsoons offend your majesty by the denial or refusal of any such articles and commandments as it may please your highness to address unto me, for the perfect trial of mine heart and inward affection.
For the perfect declaration of the bottom of my heart and stomach, first, I knowledge myself to have most unkindly and unnaturally offended your most excellent highness, in that I have not submitted myself to your most just and virtuous laws; and for mine offence therein, which I must confess were in me a thousand-fold more grievous than they could be in any other living creature, I put myself wholly and entirely to your gracious mercy, at whose hand I cannot receive that punishment for the same that I have deserved. Secondly, to open mine heart to your grace in these things, which I have heretofore refused to condescend unto, and have now written with mine own hand, sending the same to your highness herewith, I shall never beseech your grace to have pity and compassion on me, if ever you shall perceive that I shall privily or apertly vary or alter from one piece of that I have written and subscribed, or refuse to confirm, ratify, or declare the same, where your majesty shall appoint me. Thirdly, as I have and shall, knowing your excellent learning, virtue, wisdom, and knowledge, put my soul into your direction, and by the same have and will in all things, from henceforth, direct my conscience, so my body I do wholly commit to your mercy and fatherly pity, desiring no state, no condition, nor no manner degree of living but such as your grace shall appoint unto me, knowledging and confessing that my state cannot be so vile as either the extremity of justice would appoint unto me, or as mine offences have required and deserved. And whatsoever your grace shall command me to do, touching any of these points (either for things past, present, or to come), I shall as gladly do the same as your majesty can command me.
Most humbly, therefore, beseeching your mercy, most gracious sovereign lord and benign father, to have pity and compassion of your miserable and sorrowful child, and with the abundance of your inestimable goodness so to overcome mine iniquity towards God, your grace, and your whole realm, as I may feel some sensible token of reconciliation, which, God is my judge, I only desire, without any respect: to whom I shall daily pray for the preservation of your highness, with the queen's grace, and that it may please Him to send you issue.
From Hunsdon, this Thursday,* at eleven of the clock at night.
Your grace's most humble and obedient
daughter and handmaid."
On the 13th June 1487, after staying at Masham on the 8th, the Yorkist rebels advance to Nottinghamshire is not well documented but it was via Branham Moor in Yorkshire. It has been stated that they passed the village of Southwell and Averham via Pontefract, Doncaster and Worksop as they made their was towards the River Trent at East Stoke.
History is so interesting isn't it? Do you love the story of King Alfred's unsuccessful afternoon in the kitchen or King Cnut unsuccessful attempt not to get his feet wet? Maybe you're interested in when the Normans landing on our shores or the stories of an era closer to our time?
- The Ancestors
- Bustaine of Braunton: Introduction
- Hendley of Coursehorne Kent >
- Hunt of Barnstaple Introduction >
- Lakeman of Mevagissey >
- Meavy Introduction >
- Mitchell of Crantock: An Introduction >
- Mohun of Dunster: Introduction >
- Scoboryo of St Columb Major >
Thomas Vaughan: An Introduction
- Smith of Barkby Introduction >
- Taylor Introduction >
- Tosny of Normandy >
- Toon of Leicestershire: Introduction >
- Underwood of Coleorton Introduction
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