Following the abdication of Richard II the previous day Henry Bolingbroke was proclaimed King Henry IV on the 30th September in 1399.
There are many who would argue that Richard II's deposition by Henry Bolingbroke was justified. However, the starving to death of an anointed king, in a dank dungeon of the bowels of a castle, I believe was murder. And just as Henry Tudor would do, nearly eighty-five years in the future, Henry Bolingbroke would have to work hard to prove that he was the rightful king and not a usurper who had taken the throne illegally.
It was during this week in 1483 that Henry, Duke of Buckingham wrote to Henry Tudor informing him of the plans of his impending uprising. In said letter, Buckingham mentions the West Country rebellions and begs him to join the campaign against Richard III.
There are many unanswered questions regarding the Buckingham Rebellion, the first and foremost is why did Buckingham rebel? Was it because he wanted the throne for himself and using Henry for his own ends or was he simply aiding the Tudor cause?
If you wish to find out more on this subject there is Louise Gill's book Richard III and the Buckingham Rebellion.
On the 21st September in 1327, supposedly at Berkeley Castle. Gloucestershire, the death of Edward II. On the anniversary of his death, his high pitched screams are said to be heard all around the building attributed to the story of the 'red-hot poker' being the manner of his death.
This is all fake news, of course, there was no red-hot poker, if you wish to learn the truth behind Edward II's death you can do no better than read Ian Mortimer's Medieval Intrigue.
On the 7th September in 1533 Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk married his fourth wife, Katherine Willoughby.
Katherine was said to have been witty and somewhat fiery and certainly an interesting character. As a wife, she followed behind three other women in Brandon's life, Margaret Neville and Margaret's niece Anne Browne who was my ancestor who he had married in secret in 1508 and who he previously abandoned to marry the aforementioned Margaret Neville, a wealthy widow. That marriage was declared null and void, on the grounds of Brandon’s pre-contract with Anne.
The third and more well known is, of course, is Henry VIII's sister Mary.
On this day in 1651 King Charles II famously hid in an oak tree on the estate of Boscobel in Shropshire.
The following is the king’s account, dictated some thirty years later to Samuel Pepys.
"he told me that it would be very dangerous either to stay in the house or go into the wood (there being a great wood hard by Boscobel) and he knew but one way how to pass all the next day and that was to get up into a great oak in a pretty plain place where we could see round about us for they would certainly search all the wood for people that had made their escape. We got up into a great oak that had been lopped some 3 or 4 years before and so was grown out very bushy and thick not to be seen through. And there we sat all the day."
On this day in 1658 the death of Oliver Cromwell.
Cromwell continues to be one of England's most controversial and fascinating figures whose notoriety revolves around his views on monarchy and his attempts to turn the country into a republic.
I used to straddle the line when it comes to liking/disliking Oliver Cromwell (I was felt much the same about Simon de Montfort) Montfort over the years he has gone up in my estimation as has Oliver Cromwell. Therefore I ask this question -
Should we look at Cromwell as good or bad or should we at least consider him a victim of propaganda?
In 1356, under a scorched earth policy, Edward the Black Prince headed a raiding party that made its way across France, the point of which was to undermine the French King John II by attacking the population rather than the king himself. It was at Poitiers, that John eventually caught up with the marauding English prince. Following a clash of arms, the French army soon found themselves surrounded and many of the frightened French soldiers fled the field. The king, despite being dressed in the same clothing as his personal guard, was captured.
At first, he was taken to Bordeaux and then to England where he was held in various castles up and down the country. Although John was a prisoner he was afforded the privileges of a royal monarch. He purchased horses, he kept pets, he paid for his own astrologer and was able to listen to music played to him by his own band of minstrels.
One of the castles in which the French king stayed was Somerton in Lincolnshire, a large sandstone building built towards the end of the 13th century by the Bishop of Durham.
While staying at Somerton he was under the watchful eye of a member of the Deincourt family whose main residence was Blankney just a few miles away. While in 'captivity' John ordered wine from Bordeaux that came into Lincolnshire via the inland port of Boston. Also, Lincoln saw large amounts of sugar, spice and fabrics arrive at Brayford Pool that no doubt was shipped along the River Witham and transported by land to the castle.
However, all good things come to an end and it was on this day that the French king waved goodbye to the Daincourts at Somerton and left to begin his seven-day journey to the Tower of London in order to discuss the subject of his ransom.
Today in 1580, Sir Francis Drake arrived home in England at the West Country port of Plymouth aboard the The Golden Hind. As captain, he was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the Earth.
In the cargo hold of this fine ship were spices and enough treasure to pay off the countries foreign debt. Drake's journey was classed as the 'Secrets of the Realm' and those involved were sworn to secrecy on the pain of death!
Sir Francis Drake was rewarded a year later with a knighthood and a miniature painting, by court artist Nicholas Hilliard, that is now known as the 'The Drake Jewel.'
This replica of Golden Hind can be found moored in the harbour of the sea port of Brixham in Devon, sadly we only had the opportunity to view it from outside.
Today in 1237 the Treaty of York was signed by King Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland.
This treaty officially defines the Anglo/Scottish border, but it excludes Berwick Upon Tweed.
On this day in 1483 Henry, Duke of Buckingham, wrote to Henry Tudor informing him of the plans of his impending uprising. In said letter, Buckingham mentions the West Country rebellions and begs him to join the campaign against Richard.
There are many unanswered questions regarding the Buckingham Rebellion, the first and foremost is why did Buckingham
rebel? Was it because he wanted the throne for himself and using Henry for his own ends or was he simply aiding the Tudor cause?
History is so interesting isn't it? Do you love the story of King Alfred's unsuccessful afternoon in the kitchen or King Cnut unsuccessful attempt not to get his feet wet? Maybe you're interested in when the Normans landing on our shores or the stories of an era closer to our time?
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