as they have come to be known, were a number of battles that took place between 1474 and 1477 between Burgundy
and a Swiss Confederacy. The first altercation, the Siege of Neuss at the end of July 1474 was followed by the Battle of Hericourt in the November. Three years later in 1477, the last of these battles would take place outside the walls of the
French town of Nancy between the forces of Rene, Duke of Lorraine and Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
the end of 1476, was fought in the winter of 1477. The weather was severe, many of Charles's men died due to the cold and
the rest fled when they realised that the advancing army outnumbered them, but Charles stood firm at the head of his remaining army. Suffering much the same blow as his brother in law, Richard III would eight years later, Charles was struck
by a halberd and died outside the town walls.
of lances, his is head was cut in two by the halberd and his face gnawed at by wild animals. He was only identified when
his doctor noticed his old battle scars.
Charles the Bold's grisly death on the battle field of Nancy ended the rule of the Dukes of Burgundy. Charles's only
daughter Mary would eventually marry the future Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. Maximilian became co ruler on their
marriage eight months later on the 16th August 1477.
Edward IV and following her husbands death, Margaret proved, in her support of her step daughter, to have a strong a
character as that of her father and brothers.